Synonyms: Continuous text

Siehe auch: font , label , description , error message , graphic

The text is used to convey information in writing. Among others, text can contain headings , links , lists und Graphics enthalten.

No.PropertyDescriptionClassificationReference
265ContrastText must have a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1 with respect to the background.

Note: With large font (from 24 px and/or from 18.7 px in the case of bold font), a contrast ratio of at least 3:1 is sufficient.

MustEN 301 549:
9.1.4.3, 11.1.4.3
266ContrastText should have a contrast ratio of at least 7:1 with respect to the background.

Note: With large font (from 24 px and/or from 18.7 px in the case of bold font), a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1 is sufficient.

ShouldWCAG 2.1: 1.4.6 (AAA)
267Color codingIf information in the text is conveyed using color, this information must also be conveyed in another way, e.g. in text form.MustEN 301 549:
9.1.4.1, 11.1.4.1
268ResizingIt must be possible to scale the text by up to 200%. During the scaling, the text must remain completely visible and may not obscure other areas of the page or be obscured by them.

Note 1: It is permissible for areas of text to have to be scrolled through vertically after the scaling so that they are displayed in full.

Note 2: The application can offer its own zoom function. Alternatively, the settings of the platform software can be applied.

MustEN 301 549:
9.1.4.4, 11.1.4.4
269ResizingThe text must be displayed in full without horizontal scrolling at a screen width of 320 px.MustEN 301 549:
9.1.4.10, 11.1.4.10
270graphicThe text may not contain any Schriftgrafiken
9.1.4.5, 11.1.4.5.1
271GraphicThe text should not contain any images of text.ShouldWCAG 2.1: 1.4.9 (AAA)
272User preferencesIf the text spacing can be adjusted within the application, the operation and perceptibility of the application is maintained.

Note: This applies to the following spacing:

  • line spacing up to 1.5 times the font size,
  • paragraph spacing up to 2 times the font size,
  • character spacing up to 0.12 times the font size,
  • word spacing up to 0.16 times the font size.

MustEN 301 549:
9.1.4.12. 11.1.4.12
273User preferencesThe application must accept the font style, size, and color settings from the platform software or provide a mode in which the settings are applied.

Note 1: If the settings of the platform software are not applied automatically, the corresponding mode must be explained in the information on accessibility.

Note 2: The application can also offer a mode in which users can choose their preferences for the font style, size, color and any other possible font attributes directly in the application.

MustEN 301 549:
11.7, 12.1.1
274ComprehensibilityUnusual or unintelligible words should be avoided or explained.ShouldWCAG 2.1: 3.1.3 (AAA)
275ComprehensibilityWords whose meaning depends on their pronunciation should be avoided if the meaning is not apparent from the context. Alternatively, their meaning or pronunciation should be explained.ShouldWCAG 2.1: 3.1.6 (AAA)
276ComprehensibilityText content should be formulated simply enough to be understood by users who have a lower secondary education level. If this is not possible, an additional comprehensible alternative should be offered (language version, illustration, abstract, text in simple language).ShouldWCAG 2.1: 3.1.5 (AAA)
277ComprehensibilityAbbreviations in the text should be avoided. Alternatively, a mechanism should be available for displaying the unabbreviated form and/or the meaning of the abbreviation.

Note: This does not apply to commonly known abbreviations such as “USA” or “e.g.”.

ShouldWCAG 2.1: 3.1.4 (AAA)
278ComprehensibilityThe text should be formulated in the application language.ShouldWCAG 2.1: 3.1.3 (AAA), 3.1.5 (AAA)
279ReadabilityText blocks should not be larger than 80 characters or it is possible to adjust the width.ShouldWCAG 2.1: 1.4.8 (AAA)
279ReadabilityText blocks should not be justified or it is possible to adjust the orientation.ShouldWCAG 2.1: 1.4.8 (AAA)
280ReadabilityThe spacing between lines of text should be at least 1.5 times larger than the font size, and the spacing between paragraphs of text should be at least 1.5 times larger than the spacing between lines, or it is possible to adjust the text spacing.ShouldWCAG 2.1: 1.4.8 (AAA)
281AnimationThe text may not sparkle, flash or be visually changed in any other way (see Animation
9.2.3.1, 11.2.3.1, 9.2.2.2, 11.2.2.2
282AnimationThe text should be displayed all the time and should not be animated during operation.ShouldWCAG 2.1: 2.3.3 (AAA)
283FokussichtbarkeitIf the text receives the keyboard focus, the focus indicator must be visible (see Focus indicator
9.2.4.7, 11.2.4.7
No.PropertyDescriptionClassificationReference
284Use of the keyboardIn applications that do not support the virtual cursorPractical tip: textlabeldesription
11.1.3.1
285Use of the keyboardIf the text contains control elements, these must be operable with the keyboard.MustEN 301 549:
9.2.1.1, 11.2.1.1

Use of the keyboard: text (in an application that does not support the virtual cursor)

Permalink "Use of the keyboard: text (in an application that does not support the virtual cursor)"
ActionKeyClassification
Focusing textTABRequired
Exiting textTABRequired
Navigating within textARROW KEYSReommended
No.PropertyDescriptionClassificationReference
286RoleA role for “text” must be communicated to the Accessibility API (see Accessibility API
9.1.3.1, 11.1.3.1, 11.5.2.10
288TextIf the text contains structured contents (such as headingsliststables
9.1.3.1, 11.1.3.1, 11.5.2.6
289TextIf information is conveyed on the basis of the visual design of text, such as the color, font style or font size, this information must be communicated to the Accessibility API programmatically or in text form.MustEN 301 549:
9.1.3.1, 11.1.3.1, 11.5.2.10
290Web: Change of languageIf the text contains foreign-language terms, the change of language
11.1.1.1
292GraphicContent-bearing graphics
9.1.1.1, 11.1.1.1
293GraphicIf a text contains a decorative graphic, the graphic must be marked as a layout graphic
9.1.1.1, 11.1.1.1
294Desktop: size and positionThe size and position of the text must be communicated to the Accessibility API (see Fokusindikator
11.5.2.5, 11.5.2.10, 11.5.2.13

Application that does not support the virtual cursor

Permalink "Application that does not support the virtual cursor"

Longer texts (guideline: 80 to 400 characters) without a text structure (i.e., continuous text only, without lists, tables, headings, etc.) in applications that do not support the virtual cursor , should

  • receive the focus in multiple TAB steps (approximately 80 characters per TAB step), or
  • be marked so that they are readable with the virtual cursor, or
  • be offered in a linked document which can be read with the virtual cursor (e.g. HTML, PDF, RTF).

Long texts (from approx. 400 characters) or texts with structure (e.g. lists, tables, headings) should

  • be marked so that they are readable with the virtual cursor, or
  • be offered in a linked document which can be read with the virtual cursor (e.g. HTML, PDF, RTF).

Applications with several TAB steps on text and other non-operable elements should have a mode to disable such unnecessary navigation steps for sighted keyboard users. This mode and its enabling should be described in the accessibility instructions.

Application that supports the virtual cursor

Permalink "Application that supports the virtual cursor"

If copying individual text content in the application context may be relevant, this should also be possible with the keyboard. The following requirements must then be met for the text content:

  • the text content is focusable with the keyboard, ⦁ the Textcursor is visible within the text,
  • within the text, it is possible to navigate with the arrow keys to determine the starting point of the highlighting,
  • the text can be highlighted with SHIFT + arrow keys,
  • the highlighted text can be copied using CTRL+C (also via the context menu if necessary), and is saved to the Windows clipboard after copying.

To accomplish this, read-only input fields can be used.

If the entire content of a section of text must be copyable, a button for the copying of the text content can be implemented. Pressing the button should result in the text being copied to the clipboard.

Applications with several TAB steps on copyable pieces of text should have a mode for disabling such navigation steps. This mode and its enabling should be described in the accessibility instructions.

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